Saturday, May 15, 2010

CUBA: "Green economy", "eco-friendly", for one million hectares.

"Food sovereignty has become a national security issue for Cuba and, therefore, a priority in the updated economic model currently being implemented." Not by chance is in the agricultural sector which are taking place some of the most significant structural changes in recent years.
It is a concept("green economy") that tries to dominate in more than one million hectares of idle lands that have been delivered as usufruct, in thousands of smallholder farms, on parcels of urban neighborhoods and small towns, and within yards the cities themselves, without shame, of course, the potential offered by the basic units of cooperative production (UBPC), state farms and other productive organizations.
(This is from an interview to the owner of a cuban "ecofriendly farm published by "Juventud Rebelde"-see link, in spanish, click here):

- What principles and technologies used? La soberanía alimentaria se ha convertido en un asunto de seguridad nacional para Cuba y, por tanto, en una de las prioridades en la actualización del modelo económico que actualmente se implementa. No por casualidad es en el sector agrícola donde están teniendo lugar algunas de las transformaciones estructurales más relevantes de los últimos años.

"The recovery, preservation and improvement of soils, integrated pest and diseases, not to apply chemicals, contour planting and from the slopes, living and dead lift barriers, not burning crop residues, applying organic matter, humus, insert and associated crops, syrup, and the optimal use of water, rain water harvesting, pollination with bees ... The list is long. All yields flattering, friendly nature and that saves energy and money.

- What technologies have been developed own on his farm?

"We produce vermicompost, organic fertilizers and also our seeds: we have been determining what are the most resistant varieties to pests and diseases and better adapted to our conditions. Elaborate further our own bio-stimulant, natural product-the RAFLIN 2002 - recognized by the Forum of Science and Technology, and now we are preparing the record we have developed a methodology for growing roses triples and has a big harvest environmental impact, to dispense with the guardians, ie the rods to tie the plants, because more than half a million of these (one hectare requires thousands) mean about one hectare of forest to be cut or plantations that are to plant and then harvest.

-Institutional and state support:
"I must add also that in all this effort we are not alone, we have the advice of the Center for Reproduction of Entomopathogenic Entomophages and municipal Seed Company, Station Provincial de Investigaciones de la Caña de Azúcar, the Cuban Association of Agricultural Technicians and Forestry and other institutions, including the Antonio Núñez Jiménez Foundation for Nature and Man. "

Es un concepto("sistemas agroecologicos" o de "economia verde") que se intenta predomine en más de un millón de hectáreas de tierras ociosas que se han entregado en calidad de usufructo, en miles de fincas de pequeños agricultores, en parcelas de las periferias urbanas y pequeñas ciudades, y dentro de los patios de las urbes mismas, sin desdorar, por supuesto, las potencialidades que ofrecen las unidades básicas de producción cooperativa (UBPC), las granjas estatales y otras organizaciones productivas


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