Friday, April 30, 2010

National Lawyers Guild Urges U.S. Media to Cease Misrepresentation of Cuba’s Human Rights Record

Měiguó quánguó lǜshī xiéhuì dūncù Méitǐ tíngzhǐ bù shí de chénshù duì gǔba de rénquán jìlù
Kokuritsu no bengoshi wa, girudo wa, Beikoku o yōsei Mediarekōdo no kyūba no jinken no fujitsu hyōji o chūshi suru

National Lawyers Guild demande instamment des États-Unis Médias à cesser d'information fausse ou trompeuse droits de l'homme à Cuba Record
La motivation politique derrière cette attaque est clair et demi. Au cours de l'administration Bush, les États-Unis ont payé «dissidents» cubains de critiquer le gouvernement cubain. Depuis le renversement US-alignés de la dictature de Fulgencio Batista, plus de 20 millions de dollars ont été acheminés à-militants anti-castristes et les médias dans les deux pays. Maintenant, en utilisant la moitié est un incident tragique d'intimider le gouvernement communiste de Cuba.


April 28, 2010
3:30 PM
CONTACT: National Lawyers Guild (NLG)
Paige Cram, Communications Coordinator, 212-679-5100, ext. 15
"The political motivation behind this media onslaught is clear. During the Bush Administration, the United States paid Cuban "dissidents" to criticize the Cuban government*. Since the overthrow of the U.S.-aligned dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, over $20 million has been funneled to anti-Castro activists and media outlets in both countries. Now the media is utilizing a tragic incident to browbeat the Communist government of Cuba."
Asociación Nacional de Abogados Insta a los medios de comunicación de EEUU, a cesar las declaraciones falsas sobre los Derechos Humanos de Cuba.

(Entre los mas destacados en esta campana politica pagada de convertir problemas internos en problemas de derechos humanos con fines geopoliticos de derribo de gobierno esta "EL NUEVO HERALD" y el "EL PAIS", de Espana, mas numerosos gobiernos que se prestaron a seguir la farsa para crear una Honduras-golpe de estado- en Cuba. Nota del blogger)

NOTE.-*It was time for a prestigious association of American lawyers come forth to move to so many lies that is made against Cuba, journalists and politicians, exaggerating everything small and trivializes everything we find of merit in the country where I was born and educated.

When I founded a nonprofit organization for Cuba documentation and information of the United States scientific thesis of the australian-american Dr. John Money, I never received a penny, John Money had to pay out of pocket any mailings or telephone calls thesis to my home in Santiago de Cuba from his laboratory in Maryland neither the U.S. government or any foundation support us with money and resources however that the interest was to support the Universal Public Health free to all Cubans... Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34232.
Nota.-Ya era hora de que una prestigiosa asociacion de abogados norteamericanos le saliera al paso a tanta mentira que se fabrica contra Cuba,por periodicos y politicos, exagerando todo lo pequeno y trivializando todo lo que encontramos de merito en el pais donde naci y me eduque.

Cuando yo funde una organiazacion sin interes de lucro para difundir en Cuba las tesis del cientifico australiano-norteamericano Dr. Jhon Money, jamas recibi un centavo, Jhon Money tenia que pagar de su bolsillo todo envio de tesis o llamadas telefonicas a mi casa en Santiago de Cuba desde su laboratorio en Maryland, ni el gobierno norteamericano, ni ninguna fundacion nos apoyo con dinero y recursos, no obstante, a que el interes era apoyar la Salud Publica Universal gratis para todos los cubanos..

Sunday, April 25, 2010

"Sarasota Herald Tribune", editorial about Wall Street.

Published: Saturday, April 24, 2010 at 1:00 a.m.

The Securities and Exchange Commission is sending a welcome signal of enforcement with its lawsuit against Goldman Sachs: No firm is too big to nail.
In recent years, the SEC was content to shrug while Wall Street titans ran amok. Its laxity contributed to the financial meltdown. The agency failed to ask even the most basic questions about Lehman Brothers' indebtedness before the firm collapsed. SEC investigators also ignored repeated, specific complaints about fraudulent broker Bernard Madoff, who lost billions for investors in a Ponzi scheme.
But the SEC is now suing Goldman, one of Wall Street's elite firms, claiming it misled investors by selling them a mortgage-backed security without telling them that the instrument was designed to fail. The wizards at Goldman created an investment opportunity that was essentially a bet on which way the housing industry was going. The instrument was called the Abacus 2007-AC1. When the subprime mortgage market collapsed, so did this investment.
The SEC alleges that Goldman and one of its executives, Fabrice Tourre, failed to disclose to investors that a hedge fund manager who bet against Abacus played a key role in devising the instrument. That hedge fund manager, John Paulson, ended up making about $1 billion in the deal. Other investors lost about $1 billion. ...
Goldman argues that it isn't guilty of wrongdoing. The firm notes that it lost a total of $90 million from the investment.
But other investors should have had access to the same information that Goldman did, including Paulson's role in the deal. Investors in these intricate transactions typically understand that someone is betting against them. But in this case they didn't know that the other bettor was helping Goldman choose the outcome. It could have swayed decisions.
The SEC had been negotiating a possible settlement with Goldman before filing its lawsuit. Goldman officials are crying foul, saying the SEC blindsided them with the complaint. Goldman might well feel blindsided, considering that Wall Street firms previously could count on a docile SEC to nap while plundering abounded. What's different this time is that the SEC is finally baring its teeth.
This enforcement action by the SEC is a positive signal that the watchdog is no longer afraid to take on deep-pocketed giants on Wall Street. An aggressive SEC is one of the best ways to prevent further abuses in the financial industry.

-- The Philadelphia Inquirer
You can't run a fair market with a rigged abacus. The complaint filed by the Securities and Exchange Commission against Goldman Sachs and one of its vice presidents, Fabrice Tourre, alleges that the investment bank did exactly that in marketing a financial instrument called Abacus 2007-AC1 in early 2007, when the housing bubble was just starting to burst. ...
Goldman notes that those investing in Abacus were sophisticated investors in such obligations. They were not told of Paulson's involvement, but they knew that someone was gambling in the opposite direction. ... And, Goldman says, the investors were fully informed about what underlying bundles of mortgages were the basis for the deal. Indeed, Goldman notes, although it made $15 million for structuring the deal, it also invested in it -- and lost a net $90 million. ACA also invested and lost. That strikes us as relevant but not conclusive. Just because Goldman knew about Paulson's role and decided to invest anyway doesn't mean that other investors weren't entitled to -- and wouldn't have been interested in -- that information.

The SEC is under fire, rightly, for regulatory lassitude that enabled the financial meltdown and allowed other frauds to flourish. ... SEC Chairman Mary Schapiro says the agency's ethos has changed. The Goldman case could be a welcome sign of a new aggressiveness; Goldman says it is a sign of overreaching. The company is entitled to offer its justification of that charge before anyone renders a final judgment.

-- The Washington Post

One factor in the March 21 passage by the U.S. House of the health care reform bill took place far away from the halls of Congress: On Feb. 4, Anthem Blue Cross announced that it intended to raise rates as much as 39 percent for individual health insurance policyholders. Thirty-nine percent was a big number that suddenly put the whole debate into sharp focus.
Similarly, as the Senate was preparing to take up the broadest reforms to the financial industry since the New Deal, came the new face of financial reform: "the fabulous Fab." That would be Fabrice Tourre, 31, executive director of Goldman Sachs International in London, who, the Securities and Exchange Commission charged, was a principal in a billion-dollar Goldman scam.
Tourre, Goldman vice president at the time, boasted to a friend in an e-mail obtained by the SEC that he was "the fabulous Fab standing in the middle of all these complex, highly leveraged exotic schemes he created without necessarily understanding all the implications of these monstrosities!!!"
The SEC lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court in Manhattan, charges that Tourre, with the help of other principals at Goldman, teamed up with John Paulson of Paulson & Co., one of the world's largest hedge funds, to assemble the riskiest possible collection of subprime mortgage securities they could find. Paulson's firm then bet against those securities by buying from Goldman credit default swaps, or insurance, against their collapse.
... The financial regulation bill passed by the House and the Senate version would impose restrictions on derivative trading. Both also would impose stricter capital requirements on banks and create an agency to regulate financial products from mortgages to credit cards and payday loans. The Senate bill would require banks to fund a $50 billion fund that would wind down any bank that gets into trouble. ...
The Senate bill should be passed quickly, and then thoroughly beefed up in conference with the House. America needs a strong and vital banking industry that will focus on creating wealth the old-fashioned way, rewarding prudent investors and clients, not rigging the game for its own benefit.
-- St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The $2 billion Abacus 2007- AC1 fund set up by Goldman Sachs epitomizes what Main Street hates about Wall Street: It's the financial industry's version of a high-stakes poker table, where supposed sharpies bet on the success or failure of other people's investments. And the lawsuit filed by the Securities and Exchange Commission last week only reinforced the suspicion that the tables are rigged. ...
If the SEC is correct -- Goldman and Paulson have denied any wrongdoing -- the Abacus debacle could cost Goldman in reputation far more than the company gained from its bets against the housing bubble. But the case also underlines the need for Congress to plug dangerous gaps in the regulatory system.
Derivatives trades and complex securities need to be more fully disclosed and transparent. The companies that rate securities should be given stronger incentives for independent and accurate analyses. The lenders that bundle loans for Wall Street to sell should have to keep a stake in the loans' performance, rather than allowing lenders to offload every penny of risk onto investors. And most important, banks shouldn't be allowed to originate loans that the borrower has no chance of repaying. Those reforms are included in the financial overhaul bills in Congress.

-- Los Angeles Times

Way and how to support President Obama in Wall Street reform on the table.


Published: April 22, 2010

On Thursday, President Obama went to Manhattan, where he urged an audience drawn largely from Wall Street to back financial reform. “I believe,” he declared, “that these reforms are, in the end, not only in the best interest of our country, but in the best interest of the financial sector.”

Fred R. Conrad/The New York Times

Paul Krugman
Go to Columnist Page » Blog: The Conscience of a Liberal Related
Times Topics: Financial Regulatory ReformReaders' Comments
Readers shared their thoughts on this article.
Read All Comments (329) »
Well, I wish he hadn’t said that — and not just because he really needs, as a political matter, to take a populist stance, to put some public distance between himself and the bankers. The fact is that Mr. Obama should be trying to do what’s right for the country — full stop. If doing so hurts the bankers, that’s O.K.
More than that, reform actually should hurt the bankers. A growing body of analysis suggests that an oversized financial industry is hurting the broader economy. Shrinking that oversized industry won’t make Wall Street happy, but what’s bad for Wall Street would be good for America.
Now, the reforms currently on the table — which I support — might end up being good for the financial industry as well as for the rest of us. But that’s because they only deal with part of the problem: they would make finance safer, but they might not make it smaller.
What’s the matter with finance? Start with the fact that the modern financial industry generates huge profits and paychecks, yet delivers few tangible benefits.
Remember the 1987 movie “Wall Street,” in which Gordon Gekko declared: Greed is good? By today’s standards, Gekko was a piker. In the years leading up to the 2008 crisis, the financial industry accounted for a third of total domestic profits — about twice its share two decades earlier.
These profits were justified, we were told, because the industry was doing great things for the economy. It was channeling capital to productive uses; it was spreading risk; it was enhancing financial stability. None of those were true. Capital was channeled not to job-creating innovators, but into an unsustainable housing bubble; risk was concentrated, not spread; and when the housing bubble burst, the supposedly stable financial system imploded, with the worst global slump since the Great Depression as collateral damage.
So why were bankers raking it in? My take, reflecting the efforts of financial economists to make sense of the catastrophe, is that it was mainly about gambling with other people’s money. The financial industry took big, risky bets with borrowed funds — bets that paid high returns until they went bad — but was able to borrow cheaply because investors didn’t understand how fragile the industry was.
And what about the much-touted benefits of financial innovation? I’m with the economists Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, who argue in a recent paper that a lot of that innovation was about creating the illusion of safety, providing investors with “false substitutes” for old-fashioned assets like bank deposits. Eventually the illusion failed — and the result was a disastrous financial crisis.
In his Thursday speech, by the way, Mr. Obama insisted — twice — that financial reform won’t stifle innovation. Too bad.
And here’s the thing: after taking a big hit in the immediate aftermath of the crisis, financial-industry profits are soaring again. It seems all too likely that the industry will soon go back to playing the same games that got us into this mess in the first place.
So what should be done? As I said, I support the reform proposals of the Obama administration and its Congressional allies. Among other things, it would be a shame to see the antireform campaign by Republican leaders — a campaign marked by breathtaking dishonesty and hypocrisy — succeed.
But these reforms should be only the first step. We also need to cut finance down to size.
And it’s not just critical outsiders saying this (not that there’s anything wrong with critical outsiders, who have been much more right than supposedly knowledgeable insiders; see Greenspan, Alan). An intriguing proposal is about to be unveiled from, of all places, the International Monetary Fund. In a leaked paper prepared for a meeting this weekend, the fund calls for a Financial Activity Tax — yes, FAT — levied on financial-industry profits and remuneration.
Such a tax, the fund argues, could “mitigate excessive risk-taking.” It could also “tend to reduce the size of the financial sector,” which the fund presents as a good thing.
Now, the I.M.F. proposal is actually quite mild. Nonetheless, if it moves toward reality, Wall Street will howl.
But the fact is that we’ve been devoting far too large a share of our wealth, far too much of the nation’s talent, to the business of devising and peddling complex financial schemes — schemes that have a tendency to blow up the economy. Ending this state of affairs will hurt the financial industry. So?

The Wall Street handbook to profit from an economy in ruins, anyway. Or how to make money while others are ruined.

Senator Levin said in a statement Saturday. “These e-mails show that, in fact, Goldman made a lot of money by betting against the mortgage market.”
"Estos e-mails demuestran que, de hecho, Goldman hizo un montón de dinero apostando contra el mercado hipotecario".
«Ces e-mails montrent que, en fait, Goldman a fait beaucoup d'argent en pariant contre le marché hypothécaire."
“Zhèxiē diànzǐ yóujiàn xiǎnshì, shìshí shàng, gāoshèng tíchū le hěnduō jīnqián tóuzhù duì dǐyā dàikuǎn shìchǎng.”
"Diese E-Mails zeigen, dass in der Tat, machte Goldman viel Geld mit Wetten gegen den Markt für Hypothekarkredite."
In late 2007, as the mortgage crisis gained momentum and many banks were suffering losses, Goldman Sachs executives traded e-mail messages saying that they would make “some serious money” betting against the housing markets, The New York Times’s Louise Story and Sewell Chan report.

Lloyd C. Blankfein, the bank’s chief executive, acknowledged in November 2007 that the firm had lost money initially. But it later recovered by making negative bets, known as short positions, to profit as housing prices plummeted. “Of course we didn’t dodge the mortgage mess,” he wrote. “We lost money, then made more than we lost because of shorts.”
In another message, dated July 25, 2007, David A. Viniar, Goldman’s chief financial officer, reacted to figures that said the company had made a $51 million profit from bets that housing securities would drop in value. “Tells you what might be happening to people who don’t have the big short,” he wrote to Gary D. Cohn, now Goldman’s president.Investment Banking

SOURCE:"Goldman E-Mails Cited ‘Serious’ Profit on Mortgages"

April 24, 2010, 9:11 pm
Link: "The New York Times"

Thursday, April 22, 2010

The most urgent problem was not saving Wall Street regulation and oversight but to save the planet from its historical destroyers.

Zuì jǐnpò de wèntí bùshì chúxù huáěrjiē jiānguǎn hé jiāndū, ér shì zhěngjiù dìqiú cóng tā de lìshǐ qūzhújiàn.
Самая актуальная проблема не экономить Wall Street регулирования и надзора, но и спасти планету от его исторического эсминцев.
Sabasē jarūrī samasyā kō vŏla sṭrīṭa viniyamana aura nirīkṣaṇa bacānē kē li'ē apanī aitihāsika vidhvansaka sē graha kō bacānē nahīṁ hai.
Zuì jǐnpò de wèntí bùshì chúxù huáěrjiē jiānguǎn hé jiāndū, ér shì zhěngjiù dìqiú cóng tā de lìshǐ qūzhújiàn.Le problème le plus urgent n'est pas sauver Wall Street réglementation et de surveillance, mais pour sauver la planète de ses destroyers historiques.

Zuì jǐnpò de wèntí bùshì chúxù huáěrjiē jiānguǎn hé jiāndū, ér shì zhěngjiù dìqiú cóng tā de lìshǐ qūzhújiàn.

Mottomo kinkyū no mondai wa shikashi, u~ōru-gai no kisei to kanshi o hozon shi nai sa re, sono rekishi-teki na kuchiku-kan kara chikyū o hozon shi masu.

Mottomo kinkyū no mondai ga, u~ōrusutorīto no kisei to kanshi o hozon shi nai sa re, sono rekishi-teki na kuchiku-kan kara chikyū o hozon shi masu.
Самая актуальная проблема не экономить Wall Street регулирования и надзора, но и спасти планету от его исторического эсминцев.Sore wa sore wa, kisei ya kanshi no ōku o toru trade, gyōkai Wall Street kara to yutaka na kuni riku-iki seitai-kei no akka no saidai no sekinin o motte kanrenzuke rarete iru shōken torihiki-sho, soshite mochiron no pyurosu to mōdo o unmei o save to wa meihaku de aru Jinsei no ranbō ya fugōri na, shika shi, chikyū no kenkō wa watashi-tachi ga subete no seisoku-shu no mirai wa, kanzen ni futōmei na kono jiten de. Wareware wa, sono unmei ga, u~ōrusutorīto o hozon suru baai, wareware wa subete no tame no seikatsu to fuan no onaji shitsu no warui sa reru subete no watashi-tachi no matte end o nani mo shite i nai.

Самая актуальная проблема не экономить Wall Street регулирования и надзора, но и спасти планету от его исторического эсминцев.

Очевидно, что торговля и промышленность с Уолл-Стрит и биржах богатых стран, связанные с величайшей ответственности за ухудшение наземных экосистем и, конечно, она занимает много регулирования и надзора, а не сохранить состояние пирровой и режимов жизни неумеренных и нелогично, но и для здоровья планеты мы все живем и будущее видов, совершенно неясным на данный момент. Если мы сохраним Уолл-стрит и их судьбы, но мы не сделали ничего, в конце, что ждет всех нас будет такой же, низкое качество жизни и безопасности для всех
Hěn míngxiǎn, màoyì hé gōngyè cóng huáěrjiē hé zhèngquàn jiāoyì suǒ fùguó guānlián de zuìdà zérèn shì lùdì shēngtài xìtǒng èhuà de, dāngrán tā xūyào dàliàng de regulation hé jiāndū, bù bǎocún cáifù pí luò shì hé móshì Shēnghuó fàngzòng hé bùhé luójí de, dàn zài jiànkāng fāngmiàn de xīngqiú, wǒmen dōu shēnghuó hé wèilái de wùzhǒng, zài zhège shíhou wánquán mínglǎng. Rúguǒ wǒmen zhěngjiù huáěrjiē hé tāmen de cáifù, dànshì, wǒmen méiyǒu zuò rènhé shìqíng, zuìzhōng de yīqiè, zhèng děngdài wǒmen jiāng shì xiāngtóng de,poor de shēnghuó zhìliàng hé bù ānquán for suǒyǒu.

Il est évident que le commerce et l'industrie de Wall Street et des Bourses des pays riches associés à la plus grande responsabilité dans la détérioration de l'écosystème terrestre, et bien sûr il prend beaucoup de réglementation et de surveillance, de ne pas mettre des fortunes à la Pyrrhus et les modes de la vie intempérante et illogique, mais la santé de la planète que nous habitons tous et l'avenir de l'espèce, tout à fait incertaine en ce moment. Si nous sauver Wall Street et leur fortune, mais, nous n'avons rien fait, la fin qui attend chacun d'entre nous sera le même, la mauvaise qualité de la vie et l'insécurité pour tous.El problema mas urgente no es salvar a Wall Street de regulacion y vigilancia, sino salvar al planeta de sus destructores historicos.

Es obvio que el comercio y la industria a partir de Wall Street y las Bolsas de Valores asociadas de paises ricos tienen la mayor responsabilidad en el deterioro del ecosistema terrestre, y claro que se necesita mucha regulacion y vigilancia, no para salvar fortunas pirricas y modos de vida desmedidos e ilogicos, sino la salud del planeta que todos habitamos y el futuro de la especie, completamente incierto en estos momentos. Si salvamos a Wall Street y sus fortunas, solamente, no habremos hecho nada, el final que nos espera a todos sera el mismo, mala calidad de vida e inseguridad para todos.Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34232.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Movie summit a milestone for Qatar "Doha Tribeca Film Festival 2010.

 Movie summit a milestone for Qatar

 Web posted at: 4/1/2010 2:37:44

DOHA: Some of the biggest names in Hollywood and Arab cinema have paid tribute to Qatar’s growing film industry, citing the success of the FT Business of Film summit as a turning point in the development of movie making in the Middle East.
The comments come on the same day as videos and podcasts from the summit panels are made available for the general public to view at:
“The FT Business of Film Summit, in partnership with Alnoor Holdings and held in Doha last week, was a landmark event for the region’s film industry. The whole relationship between Hollywood and the Middle East is evolving and I think we will see new forms of collaboration that go beyond the simple funding paradigms. That so many senior figures from Hollywood made their way half way across the world to participate is testament to how seriously the US film industry is looking at international markets. In many ways Qatar is at the vanguard of the new Middle East film industry and the summit will have added momentum to the steps already made by the inaugural Doha Tribeca Film Festival held in November last year,” said Greg Coote, Chairman and CEO of Dune Entertainment which has financed films such as Avatar, and Wolverine.
Frederic Sichler, Chairman of Amana Creative, an Egypt-based company committed to creating content that bridges the Western and Arab worlds and former CEO of France’s CanalStudio, paid tribute to the organistation of the event.
rich experience

“Doha’s 2010 FT Business of Film Summit has been a very rich experience for all of us. Well-balanced panels were supported by a remarkable organisation. The problematic of combining the development of a strong local film industry and that of an ambitious presence on the international scene has been properly addressed to everyone. This summit will remain a milestone in Qatar and Alnoor’s strategy to play a major role in the world of filmmaking,” said Sichler.
Ahmed Al Hashemi, Chairman of Alnoor Holdings, a private Qatari entertainment and media company that partnered with the Financial Times for the inaugural Business of Film Summit, said that the impressive participation was a decisive factor in the event’s success.
“Alnoor Holdings is delighted to have partnered the FT for the inaugural Business of Film Summit. As a private sector Qatari media and entertainment company we are proud to play an active role in the development of a local film industry that is viable over the long term and enables this region to share its own stories with the rest of the world. Having so many leading figures from the world of film – from Hollywood, the UK, China, India, Korea, and many other countries – here in Qatar to discuss their thoughts on the challenges and opportunities that are facing us all was a truly fascinating experience. The feedback that we have received has been enormously positive and I look forward to welcome our guests back to Doha for future occasions,” he said.
warm welcome
Olivier Cottet-Puinel, Deputy Managing Director of Business Affairs at major French production and distribution company Pathe added: “Both the speakers and panel discussions were interesting and informative and we were most impressed with the cultural richness of Qatar, as well as the warm welcome extended by its film industry and the local people who truly embraced the summit at every level.
As a European Studio, Pathe has always valued the region’s culture and considered itself a close neighbour, therefore we feel a mutual energy and a desire to share, respect and collaborate.”
Bill Mechanic, founder of Pandemonium Films and former CEO and Chairman of Fox Studios, commented: “I found the FT Qatar conference to be a fantastic introduction for me to many of the most influential media companies and individuals in the Middle East. There was a terrific sharing of ideas and issues and a great bridge between Hollywood and the Region.
I found the business and creative leaders from not only Qatar, but Dubai, Egypt, Abu Dhabi, India and others to be warm, inviting and open. People shared ideas and ambitions in the most positive of lights”.
Mark Gordon, of The Mark Gordon Company and producer of 2012, Day After Tomorrow, and Patriot said that many participants are planning to return for the 2011 summit.
“I thoroughly enjoyed my time in Doha,” said Gordon.
“Raja Sharif and the entire Alnoor team assembled an incredible line-up at the Film Summit. It was an honour to be included, and I can’t wait to return next year.”
The summit was held here last week and saw a full turnout of 200 participants.

Lucky family to get New York trip for Shrek screening .Doha film festival.

Web posted at: 4/7/2010 3:4:26


DOHA: The Doha Tribeca Film Festival (DTFF) is set to fly one lucky family from Qatar to New York later this month to attend a Special Family screening of “Shrek Forever After.” The highly anticipated new comedy is “The Final Chapter” in the adventures of the beloved ogre, Shrek, and the first of the series to be presented in 3-D. “Shrek Forever After,” which is directed by Mike Mitchell, stars Mike Myers, Eddie Murphy, Cameron Diaz and Antonio Banderas will premiere on April 21, 2010 and open the Tribeca Film Festival in New York. DTFF will host a special family friendly screening of the anticipated movie where children will have the chance to walk the green carpet, interact with characters and indulge in some of Shrek’s favourite treats. DTFF has arranged a special contest for families, giving the winning family a once in a lifetime trip to New York to be part of this very special event.
To enter the contest, families should email with their names, ages, contact details, and an answer to the following question in 100 words or less: If Shrek were to come to Qatar, what adventures would he have? The competition is open to families who are resident in Qatar, who have children between 2 and 12 years of age and who are able to travel to America in April. Up to two adults and two children will be flown to New York as part of the winning prize. Contest closes today at 5pm.

Omar Shariff, Doha Film Festival.

Doha film festival 2010.

Monday, April 12, 2010

Korea bans after-hours online gaming | TG Daily

CLICK HERE:        Korea bans after-hours online gaming | TG Daily

Posted using ShareThis

En un país donde se informa, casi el 40% de alumnos varones adictos a los videojuegos, Corea del Sur está tratando de frenar el creciente problema cortando el acceso a juegos en línea después de la medianoche.

Según el Korea Herald, el Ministerio del país de Cultura, Deportes, anunció la política de hoy. Será necesario que los usuarios de primaria y secundaria en edad escolar para elegir una opción de la medianoche - 6 AM, 1 a.m.-7 a.m., o AM 2 hasta las 8 am en redes en línea del país automáticamente las excluyó de un puñado de juegos en línea.

Sunday, April 11, 2010


Youth exposure to explicit film violence and sex is linked to adverse health outcomes and is a serious public health concern. "JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH"

युवा स्पष्ट फिल्म हिंसा और सेक्स के लिए जोखिम स्वास्थ्य के प्रतिकूल परिणामों से जुड़ा हुआ है और एक गंभीर जन स्वास्थ्य चिंता का विषय है. अमेरिका की युवा (हानिकारक सामग्री के लिए जोखिम को कम करने में MPAA) दर्ज़ा सिस्टम प्रभावशीलता पर सवाल उठाया गया है की मोशन पिक्चर एसोसिएशन.
Молодежь воздействия откровенного насилия и секса фильм связан с неблагоприятными последствиями для здоровья и является серьезной проблемой общественного здравоохранения. Киноассоциации Америки (эффективность) MPAA в рейтинговой системы в сокращении молодежи воздействия вредного содержания была поставлена под сомнение.
Qīng shàonián jiēchù bàolì hé sèqíng diànyǐng míngquè de shì yǔ bùliáng jiànkāng jiéguǒ, shì yīgè yánzhòng de gōnggòng jiànkāng wèntí. Měiguó diànyǐng xiéhuì dì měiguó (měiguó diànyǐng xiéhuì) de píngjí tǐxì de yǒuxiào xìng jiǎnshǎo qīng shàonián jiēchù dào yǒuhài de nèiróng shòudào le zhíyí.
Exposición de los jóvenes a la violencia y el sexo explícito en películas está vinculada a los resultados adversos para la salud y es un grave problema de salud pública. La Motion Picture Association of America (eficacia) del sistema de clasificación de la MPAA en la reducción de exposición de los jóvenes a contenidos nocivos ha sido cuestionada.

The Effectiveness of the Motion Picture Association of America's Rating System in Screening Explicit Violence and Sex in Top-ranked Movies From 1950 to 2006

Priya G. Nalkur, Ed.D., M.P.H., Patrick E. Jamieson, Ph.D., Daniel Romer, Ph.D.
Articles in Press
The Effectiveness of the Motion Picture Association of America's Rating System in Screening Explicit Violence and Sex in Top-ranked Movies From 1950 to 2006
Priya G. Nalkur, Ed.D., M.P.H., Patrick E. Jamieson, Ph.D., Daniel Romer, Ph.D.
This article may not be purchased.
Access is limited to print subscribers.
Received 13 October 2009; accepted 22 January 2010. published online 02 April 2010.
Corrected Proof

Youth exposure to explicit film violence and sex is linked to adverse health outcomes and is a serious public health concern. The Motion Picture Association of America's (MPAA's) rating system's effectiveness in reducing youth exposure to harmful content has been questioned.
To determine the MPAA's rating system's effectiveness in screening explicit violence and sex since the system's initiation (1968) and the introduction of the PG-13 category (1984). Also, to examine evidence of less restrictive ratings over time (“ratings creep”).
Top-grossing movies from 1950 to 2006 (N = 855) were coded for explicitness of violent and sexual content. Trends in rating assignments and in the content of different rating categories since 1968 were assessed.
The explicitness of violent and sexual content significantly increased following the rating system's initiation. The system did not differentiate violent content as well as sexual content, and ratings creep was only evident for violent films. Explicit violence in R-rated films increased, while films that would previously have been rated R were increasingly assigned to PG-13. This pattern was not evident for sex; only R-rated films exhibited higher levels of explicit sex compared to preratings period.
While relatively effective for screening explicit sex, the rating system has allowed increasingly violent content into PG-13 films, thereby increasing youth access to more harmful content. Assignment of films in the current rating system should be more sensitive to the link between violent media exposure and youth violence.
Keywords: MPAA, Movie ratings, Content analysis, Media violence, Media sex
Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Address correspondence to: Daniel Romer, Ph.D., Adolescent Risk Communication Institute, Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, 202 S. 36th Street, Philadelphia PA 19104-3806.
PII: S1054-139X(10)00079-0

Editorial Board


Charles E. Irwin, Jr., MD

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

Associate Editors:

Richard F. Catalano PhD, University of Washington, School of Social Work, Social Development Research Group, Seattle, WA, USA

P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale PhD, Northwestern University, School of Education and Social Policy; and Institute for Policy Research, Evanston, IL, USA

Pierre-Andre Michaud MD, University of Lausanne, Faculty of Medicine, Lausanne, Switzerland

Donald P. Orr MD, Indiana University, School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Freya L. Sonenstein PhD, John Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Immediate Past Editor-in-Chief:

Iris F. Litt MD, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Founding Editor:

H. Verdain Barnes MD, Eatonton, GA, USA
Managing Editor:

Tor D. Berg, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

Editorial Board:

Emma K. Adam MA, PhD, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Linda Holm Bearinger PhD, MS, RN, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

David A. Brent MD, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Claire D. Brindis Dr.P.H., University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

Jane D. Brown PhD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC

Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli MBBS, MSc, The World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Norman A. Constantine PhD, Public Health Institute, Oakland, CA, USA

Denise M. Dougherty PhD, Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, Rockville, MD, USA

Carol A. Ford MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

J. Dennis Fortenberry MD, MS, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Elizabeth Goodman MD, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

Julia A. Graber PhD, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

Bonnie Halpern-Felsher PhD, University of California, San Francisco, CA

Debra K. Katzman MD, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada

Jonathan D. Klein MD, MPH, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA

Matilde H. Maddaleno MD, MPH, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA

Lawrence C. Neinstein MD, University of Southern California, Los Angelels, CA, USA

Susan F. Newcomer PhD, National Institute Child Health & Development, Bethesda, MD

Lucia F. O'Sullivan PhD, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada

George Patton MD, MBBS, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia

Vaughn I. Rickert PsyD, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Elizabeth M. Saewyc PhD, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

John S. Santelli MD, MPH, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Mark A. Schuster MD, PhD, Children's Hospital Boston/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Mary Ann Shafer MD, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

Gail B. Slap MD, MS, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Mary Story PhD, RD, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Brian L. Wilcox PhD, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

James Herbert Williams PhD, University of Denver, Denver, CO

Elizabeth R. Woods MD, MPH, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
© 2010 Society for Adolescent Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Thursday, April 8, 2010

New book on philosophy and ethics in Latin America and the Caribbean for university students of Latin American and Caribbean studies.

Xīnshū de zhéxué yǔ lúnlǐ zài lādīng měizhōu hé jiālèbǐ dìqū wéi dàxuéshēng lādīng měizhōu hé jiālèbǐ dìqū de yánjiū.EL PENSAMIENTO FILOSOFICO LATINOAMERICANO

raten'amerika to karibukai chiiki kenkyū daigaku no gakusei no tame no tetsugaku to raten'amerika niokeru rinri to karibukai chiiki de no atarashii hon

Новая книга по философии и этики в Латинской Америке и Карибском бассейне для студентов из стран Латинской Америки и Карибского бассейна исследований

Nouveau livre sur la philosophie et l'éthique en Amérique latine et les Caraïbes pour les étudiants universitaires des études d'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes.

Nuovo libro di filosofia ed etica in America Latina e nei Caraibi per gli studenti universitari di studi latino-americani e caraibici.

Neues Buch über Philosophie und Ethik in Lateinamerika und der Karibik für Studenten der lateinamerikanischen und karibischen Studien.

El pensamiento filosófico latinoamericano, del Caribe y «latino»[1300-2000]: historia, corrientes, temas y filósofos

Publicado en: Siglo XXI-México
Enero 25, 2010

Dussel,Enrique-Mendieta, Eduardo-Bohórquez Carmen [2009]


Esta obra fue proyectada, más que como un libro, como el inicio de un movimiento filosófico continental. Es decir, los autores de las contribuciones tienen conciencia de que la tarea que han asumido es de tal envergadura que no pueden sino cumplirla parcialmente. Los trabajos a todo lo largo y ancho de toda la región latinoamericana sobrepasan a los especialistas de la historia o de temas expuestos en el orden nacional. Cuando debe abordarse la temática tal como lo exige una obra sobre la filosofía latinoamericana, se encuentran dificultades tales como la falta de bibliotecas especializadas en este tema regional, de especialistas que hayan tratado los temas, de que se hayan estudiado suficientemente los asuntos para poder instaurar diversas hipótesis que permitan fecundos debates. Todo comienza entonces por obtener los materiales bibliográficos y temáticos necesarios. Esto no se logra en corto tiempo: exige años de perseverancia en los que los autores se dan cuenta de los límites de la empresa. Por ello, mucho más que el lector, son los mismos editores y autores de esta obra los que tienen conciencia de que solo se ha iniciado la extracción de un precioso metal de una rica mina casi inexplorada en su conjunto.

La obra se dirige a un mundo cultural de nivel universitario, cuyos lectores serán personas cultas que deseen conocer sobre la filosofía latinoamericana, del Caribe y “latina” en Estados Unidos. Pero, principalmente, es una obra proyectada para los estudiantes de filosofía, para que pueda llevarse a cabo satisfactoriamente el curso de Filosofía Latinoamericana. No deben descartarse a los filósofos ya formado para los que puede servir como complemento de su formación, que muchos nunca pudieron recibir por falta de obras como la presente.

Además, y no por último con menor importancia, al publicar la obra en inglés y portugués, los destinatarios serán igualmente personas cultas y filósofos de Africa, Asia, Europa o Estados Unidos, que puedan leer dichas lenguas. Para ellos llenaría un vacío total, porque la filosofía latinoamericana no se ha hecho presente en esos horizontes culturales.




Historia, corrientes, temas y filósofos
Editada por
Enrique Dussel (UAM-Iztapalapa, México)

Eduardo Mendieta (SUNY, Stony Brook)

Carmen Bohórquez (Universidad de Zulia, Maracaibo)
México, Stony Brook, Maracaibo


Francisco Miró Quesada (Perú)

Luis Villoro (México)

Arturo Andrés Roig (Argentina)

Roberto Fernández Retamar (Cuba)

Walter Mignolo (USA)

María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta (Perú), Santiago Castro-Gómez (Colombia), Hugo Biagini (Argentina), Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou (Argentina), Celso Ludwig (Brasil), Yamandú Acosta (Uruguay), Ricardo Salas Astraín (Chile), Carlos Paladines (Ecuador), Mario Magallón Anaya (México), Horacio Cerutti Guldberg (México), Álvaro Márquez-Fernández (Venezuela), Arnoldo Mora (Costa Rica), Pablo Guadarrama (Cuba), Lewis Gordon (Jamaica), Nelson Maldonado-Torres (Puerto Rico-USA), Raúl Fornet-Betancourt (Alemania), Carlos Beorlegui (España), José Luis Gómez-Martínez (USA)






1. La filosofía náhuatl. Miguel León-Portilla [7 págs.]

2. La filosofía maya. Miguel Hernández Díaz [6 págs.]

3. La filosofía tojolabal. Carlos Lenkersdorf [3 págs.]

4. La filosofía quechua. Josef Estermann [6 págs.]

5. La filosofía mapuche. Ricardo Salas Astraín [6 págs.]

6. La filosofía guaraní. Bartomeu Melià [6 págs.]



7. El primer debate filosófico de la Modernidad. Enrique Dussel [15 págs.]

8. La reacción crítica de los oprimidos. Raúl F. González Q., Olivia Sierra M., Uziel Chávez S. y Ricardo N. Betanzos A.

9. La filosofía académica. Mauricio Beuchot [8 págs.]

10. La lógica en los siglos XVI y XVII. Walter Redmond [17 págs.]

11. La filosofía del barroco. Samuel Arriarán [13 págs.]

12. El pensamiento filosófico del Caribe [6 págs.]

11.1. La filosofía en las Antillas Mayores en los siglos XVII y XVIII.

Carlos Rojas Osorio [4 págs.]

11.2. Equiano y Cugoano. La filosofía afro-caribeña en el siglo XVIII.

Paget Henry [2 págs.]

13. El pensamiento filosófico brasileño en los siglos XVI al XVIII. Celso Ludwig

[18 págs.]


14. La Ilustración del siglo XVIII

14.1. Filosofía, Ilustración y colonialidad. Santiago Castro-Gómez [17 págs.]

14.2. La Ilustración hispanoamericana. Mario Ruíz Sotelo [14 págs.]

14.3. El humanismo jesuita. Mario Ruíz Sotelo [10 págs.]

15. La filosofía de la Independencia. Carmen Bohórquez [20 págs.]

16. El pensamiento filosófico conservador. Carlos Ruiz Schneider [24 págs.]

17. El romanticismo y el liberalismo. Marta Pena de Marsushita [10 págs.]

18. El krausismo. Katya Colmenares Lizárraga [10 págs.]

19. El positivismo. Mario Magallón Anaya y Juan de Dios Escalante Rodríguez

[16 Págs.]

20. El pensamiento filosófico del Caribe en el siglo XIX [17 págs.]

20.1. El Caribe hispano. Adriana Arpini [15 págs.]

20.2. Blyden y Firmin. La filosofía afro-caribeña inglesa. Paget Henry [2 págs.]

21. El pensamiento filosófico brasileño en el siglo XIX. Euclides Mance [17 págs.]

EXCURSO: Las fundaciones de la filosofía latinoamericana. Leonardo Tovar González [9 págs.]


1. La filosofía antipositivista. Guillermo Jorge Silva Martínez [16 págs.]

2. La fenomenología y la filosofía existencial. Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou

[50 págs.]

3. La filosofía cristiana. Arnoldo Mora [15 págs.]

4. La filosofía de las ciencias. Ricardo Gómez [21 págs.]

5 La filosofía analítica. Margarita M. Valdés y Miguel Ángel Fernández [12 págs.]

6. La filosofía de la revolución y marxista. Raúl Fornet-Betancourt [15 págs.]

7. La cuestión de la filosofía latinoamericana. Dante Ramaglia [28 págs.]

8. La filosofía de la liberación. J. Zúñiga, M. S. Galindo, M. A. González Melchor y N. L. Solís Bello Ortiz [16 págs.]

9. El feminismo filosófico. Francesca Gargallo [19 págs.]

10. La filosofía ambiental. Ricardo Rozzi [20 págs.]

11. La bio-ética. Salvador Bergel [13 págs.]

12. La filosofía política. César Cansino [18 págs.]

13. La filosofía del derecho. Antonio C. Wolkmer [9 págs.]

14. El pensamiento filosófico del Caribe [18 págs.]

14.1. El Caribe hispano. Carlos Rojas Osorio [15 págs.]

14.2. C.L.R. James y Silvia Wynter. La filosofía afro-caribeña inglesa.

Paget Henry [3 págs.]

15. La filosofía brasileña. Euclides Mance [25 págs.]

16. La filosofía de los “latinos” en los Estados Unidos. Eduardo Mendieta [6 págs.]


1. La ética. Ricardo Maliandi [19 págs.]

2. La estética. Mario Teodoro Ramírez [13 págs.]

3. La ontología y la metafísica. José Antonio Pardo Oláguez [19 págs.]

4. La filosofía de la historia. Yamandú Acosta [14 págs.]

5. La filosofía de la religión. Juan Carlos Scannone [15 págs.]

6. La filosofía de la economía. Germán Gutiérrez [15 págs.]

7. La filosofía de la pedagogía. Jorge Zúñiga Martínez [15 págs.]

8. Los movimientos juveniles y la filosofía. Hugo Biagini [10 págs.]

9. La filosofía con niños. Cristina Rochetti [10 págs.]

10. La filosofía intercultural. Raúl Fornet-Betancourt [9 págs.]

11. El indigenismo: de la integración a la autonomía. Héctor Díaz-Polanco [15 págs.]

12. El pensamiento decolonial. Desprendimiento y apertura. Walter Mignolo [18 págs.]

13. De Aimé Césaire a los zapatistas. Ramón Grosfoguel [12 págs.]

14. El pensamiento filosófico del “giro descolonizador”. Nelson Maldonado-Torres

[15 págs.]


[216 filósofos/as: 316 págs.= 225 págs. a dos columnas en tipo 10]

1. Filósofos de los pueblos originarios

Amautas: Los Filósofos Andinos, Josef Estermann

Tlamatinime: Los Filósofos Nahuas, Victórico Muñoz Rosales

Tlacaelel (1398-1475/80), Victórico Muñoz Rosales

Nezahualcóyotl (1402-1472), Victórico Muñoz Rosales

2. Filósofos del siglo XVI

Vasco de Quiroga (1470?-1565), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Bartolomé de las Casas (1484-1566), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Alonso de la Veracruz (1507-1584), Juan Carlos Torchia Estrada

Tomás de Mercado (1523-1575), Luis Fernando Gaytán Castillo

José Acosta (1540- 1600), María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta

Antonio Rubio (1548-1615), Walter Redmond

Francisco Suárez (1548-1617), Óscar Barroso Fernández

Juan de Torquemada (1557-1624), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Antonio Vieira (1606-1697), Celso Ludwig

3. La reacción crítica de los oprimidos

Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590), Juan Carlos Serrano Aguirre

Hernando de Alvarado Tezozómoc (1525?–1610), Luis Fernando Gaytán Castillo

Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala (1526-1613), María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta

Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616), María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta

Lucas Fernández de Piedrahita (1624-1688), Carlos Adrián Moreno Martínez

4. Filósofos de los siglos XVII y XVIII

Juan de Espinosa Medrano, El Lunarejo (1632-1688), Walter Redmond

Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora (1645-1700), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651-1695), José Manuel Ríos Guerra

Benito Jerónimo Feijóo (1676-1764), Carlos Beorlegui

José Rafael Campoy (1723-1777), María del Carmen Rovira Gaspar

Francisco Xavier Alegre (1729-1788), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Francisco Xavier Clavijero (1731-1787), Mario Ruíz Sotelo

Francisco Javier Espejo (1747-1795), María del Carmen Rovira Gaspar

José Agustín Caballero (1762-1835), Jesús Tomás Portillo Juárez

5. Pensadores y filósofos de la emancipación

Toussaint L’Ouverture (1743-1803), Carlos Rojas Osorio

Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzmán (1748-1798), Carmen Bohórquez

Francisco de Miranda (1750-1816), Carmen Bohórquez

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811), José Luis Romero Tejeda

Servando Teresa de Mier (1763-1827), José Luis Romero Tejeda

José María Morelos y Pavón (1765-1815), Sandra Guadalupe Inacua Gómez

Simón Rodríguez (1769- 1853), Jorge Fernando Hernández Avendaño

Simón Bolívar (1783-1830), Sergio Amed Urbán Lezama

José de la Luz y Caballero (1800-1862), Francisco Isaac Cerqueda Sánchez

6. Pensadores y filósofos conservadores

Silvestre Pinheiro Ferreira (1769-1846), Celso Ludwig

Andrés Bello (1781-1865), Hugo Enrique Andrade Pedroza

Lucas Alamán (1792-1853), Salvador Méndez Reyes

Diego Portales y Palazuelos (1793-1837), Hugo Enrique Andrade Pedroza

Gabriel García Moreno (1821-1875), Jorge Edgar Castañeda Huitrón

Juan León Mera (1832-1894), Jorge Edgar Castañeda Huitrón

7. Pensadores y filósofos liberales

José María Luis Mora (1794-1850), Mario Magallón Anaya

José Esteban Echeverría (1805-1851), Marta Pena de Marsushita

Eduardo Ferreira França (1809-1857), Eli Carlos Dal’pupo

Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810-1884), Alejandro Herrero

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-1888), José Oswaldo Cruz Domínguez

José Victorino Lastarria (1817-1888), Bernardo Subercaseux

Justo Arosamena (1817-1896), Isaac Jaime Hernández

Francisco Bilbao (1823-1865), Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou

Juan Montalvo (1832-1889), Isaac Jaime Hernández

8. Pensadores krausistas

Hipólito Irigoyen (1852-1933), Carlos Stoetzer

José Battle y Ordóñez (1856-1929), Carlos Stoetzer

Juan José Arévalo Bermejo (1904-1990), Carlos Stoetzer

9. Pensadores y filósofos positivistas

Gabino Barreda (1818-1881), Victórico Muñoz Rosales

Tobías Barreto (1839-1889), Claudia Rodríguez Corona

Luís Pereira Barreto (1840-1923), Celso Ludwig

Manuel González Prada (1844-1918), Arturo Vilchis Cedillo

Enrique José Varona (1849-1933), Claudia Rodríguez Corona

Jorge, Juan y Luis Lagarrigue, Ricardo Salas Astraín

Miguel Lemos (1854-1917), Celso Ludwig

Raimundo Teixeira Mendes (1855-1927), Celso Ludwig

Carlos Octavio Bunge (1875-1918), Marisa Miranda y Gustavo Vallejo

José Ingenieros (1877-1925), Dante Ramaglia

10. Pensadores y filósofos revolucionarios y marxistas

Félix Varela (1788-1853), Gabriel Bagundo Medina

Diego Vicente Tejera (1848-1903), Esteban Govea

José Martí (1853-1895), Raúl Fornet-Betancourt

Juan Bautista Justo (1865-1928), Hugo Biagini

José Carlos Mariátegui (1894-1930), Raúl Fornet-Betancourt

Aníbal Norberto Ponce (1898–1938), Adriana Arpini

Adolfo Sánchez Vázquez (1915-), Stefan Gandler

Ernesto Guevara, El “Che” (1928 -1967), Marta Pena de Marsushita

Agustín Cueva (1937-1992), Fernando Carrera Testa

Bolívar Echeverría (1941-), Stefan Gandler

Subcomandante Marcos (1957-), José Oswaldo Cruz Domínguez

Evo Morales (1959-), Juan José Bautista

11. Filósofos de Brasil

Farías Brito (1862-1917), Celso Ludwig

Oswald de Andrade (1890-1954), Euclides Mance

Jackson de Figueiredo (1891-1928), Celso Ludwig

Alceu Amoroso Lima (1893-1983), Euclides Mance

Leonardo van Acker (1896-1986), Anna Maria Laporte y Neusa Vendramin Volpe

João Cruz Costa (1904-1978), Ana Letícia Barauna Duarte Medeiros

Caio Prado Jr. (1907-1990), Anna Maria Laporte y Neusa Vendramin Volpe

Álvaro Vieira Pinto (1909-1987), Gisselle Moura

Miguel Reale (1910-2006), Euclides Mance

Florestan Fernandes (1920-1995), Giselle Moura

Luís Washington Vita (1921-1968), Anna Maria Laporte y Neusa Vendramin Volpe

Paulo Freire (1921-1997), Stella Araújo-Olivera

Henrique Cláudio de Lima Vaz (1921-2002), Domênico Costella

Hilton Ferreira Japiassu (1934-), Anna Maria Laporte y Neusa Vendramin Volpe

Leandro Konder (1936-), Eli Carlos Dal’Pupo

Marilena de Souza Chauí (1941-), Ana Letícia Barauna Duarte Medeiros

Antonio C. Wolkmer (1952-), Leonardo Rossano Martins Chaves

Celso Ludwig (1955-), Domênico Costella

Euclides Mance (1963-), Domênico Costella

12. Filósofos de México

Justo Sierra (1848-1912), Miriam García Apolonio

José Vasconcelos (1882-1959), Miguel Romero Griego

Antonio Caso (1883-1946), Victórico Muñoz Rosales

Samuel Ramos (1897-1959), Victórico Muñoz Rosales

José Gaos (1900-1969), Carlos Beorlegui

Eduardo Nicol (1907-1990), Ricardo Horneffer

Antonio Gómez Robledo (1908-1994), Alfonso Vela Ramos

Leopoldo Zea (1912-2004), José Luis Gómez-Martínez

Emilio Uranga (1921-1988), Luis Fernando Gaytán Castillo

Luis Villoro (1922-), Mario Teodoro Ramírez

Ramón Xirau (1924-), Priscila Pilatowsky Goñi

Graciela Hierro (1930-2003), Francesca Gargallo

Alejandro Rossi (1932- ), Margarita M. Valdés y Miguel Ángel Fernández

Abelardo Villegas (1934-2001), Roberto Mora Martínez

Enrique Dussel (1934-), Luis Gerardo Díaz Núñez

Juliana González Valenzuela (1936-), Favián Arroyo Luna

Jaime Labastida (1939-), Jorge Alberto Reyes López

Carlos Pereda (1944-), Mario Gensollen

Mario Magallón Anaya (1946-), Isaías Palacios Contreras

Mauricio Beuchot (1950-), Luis Gerardo Díaz Núñez

Horacio Cerutti Guldberg (1950-), María del Rayo Ramírez Fierro y Gustavo Roberto Cruz

Ambrosio Velasco Gómez (1954-), Dyanna L. Delgado Arenas

13. Filósofos de Argentina

Alejandro Korn (1860-1936), Dante Ramaglia

Carlos Astrada (1894-1970), Gerardo Oviedo

Coriolano Alberini (1886-1960), Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou

Angélica Mendoza (1889-1960), Florencia Ferreira Funes

Francisco Romero (1891-1962), Juan Carlos Torchia Estrada

Nimio de Anquín (1896-1979), Rosa María Espinoza Coronel

Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957), Marcelo Velarde Cañazares

Miguel Ángel Virasoro (1900-1966), Mónica Virasoro

Vicente Fatone (1903-1962), Marcelo Velarde Cañazares

Ismael Quiles (1906-1993), Francisco Leocata

Eugenio Pucciarelli (1907-1995), Roberto J. Walton

Risieri Frondizi (1910-1985), Isaac Jaime Hernández

Mario Bunge (1919-), Martín Labarca

Rodolfo Kusch (1922-1979), María Luisa Rubinelli

Arturo Andrés Roig (1922-), Marisa Muñoz

Enrique E. Marí (1927-2001), Roberto Bergalli

Ricardo Maliandi (1930-), Andrés Crelier

Juan Carlos Scannone (1931-), Dina Picotti

Ernesto Laclau (1935- ), J. Ozollo, J. L. Jofré, D. Fernández Cataldo y G. Flores

Ricardo Gómez (1935-), Alan Rush

Hugo Biagini (1938-), Marcelo Velarde Cañazares

Carlos Cullen (1943-), Dina Picotti

Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou (1945-), Juan Carlos Torchia Estrada

14. Filósofos de Uruguay

José Enrique Rodó (1871-1917), Yamandú Acosta

Carlos Vaz Ferreira (1872-1958), Miguel Andreoli

Arturo Ardao (1912-2003), Yamandú Acosta

Mario Sambarino (1918-1984), Pablo Melogno

Juan Luis Segundo (1925-1996), Raúl Alfonso Sastre

Yamandú Acosta (1949-), Agustín Courtoisie

15. Filósofos de Chile

Enrique Molina (1871-1964), Pablo Salvat Boloña

Félix Schwartzmann (1913-), Juan Antonio Massone

Jorge Millas (1919-1982), Maximiliano Figueroa

Humberto Giannini (1927-), Jorge Acevedo Guerra

Roberto Torretti (1930-), Eduardo Carrasco

Ricardo Salas Astraín (1957-), Jaime Retamal Salazar

16. Filósofos de Paraguay

Rafael Barrett (1876-1910), Osvaldo Gómez Lezcano

Adriano Irala Burgos (1928-2003), Sergio Cáceres Mercado

Ticio Escobar (1947-), Charles Quevedo

17. Filósofos de Bolivia

Guillermo Francovich (1901-1990), José Luis Gómez-Martínez

Manfredo Kempff Mercado (1922-1974), Jorge Alberto Reyes López

18. Filósofos de Perú

Alejandro Deustua (1849-1945), J. Octavio Obando Morán

Mariano Ibérico (1892-1974), J. Octavio Obando Morán

Alberto Wagner de Reyna (1915-2006), J. Octavio Obando Morán

Francisco Miró Quesada (1918-), María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta

Augusto Salazar Bondy (1925–1974), Adriana Arpini

María Luisa Rivara de Tuesta (1930-), Marisa Muñoz

David Sobrevilla (1938-), J. Octavio Obando Morán

Mario Mejía Huamán (1946-), Enrique Guzmán

Miguel Giusti (1952-), Víctor Krebs

19. Filósofos de Ecuador

Juan León Mera (1832-1894), Carlos Paladines

Pío Jaramillo Alvarado (1884-1968), Omar Martínez Escamilla

20. Filósofos Colombia

Luis López de Mesa (1884-1967), Carlos Uribe Celis

Julio Enrique Blanco de la Rosa (1890-1986), Eduardo Bermúdez B.

Fernando González Ochoa (1895-1964), Francisco Isaac Cerqueda Sánchez

Luis Eduardo Nieto Arteta (1913-1956), Jorge Fernando Hernández Avendaño

Danilo Cruz Vélez (1920-), Edgar Calderón Santana

Estanislao Zuleta (1935-1990), Hugo Enrique Andrade Pedroza

Guillermo Hoyos (1935-), José Manuel Ríos Guerra

Carlos B. Gutiérrez (1936-), Juan Carlos Serrano Aguirre

21. Filósofos de Venezuela

Juan David García Bacca (1901-1992), Carlos Beorlegui

Ernesto Mayz Vallenilla (1925-), Alfredo D. Vallota

Juan Antonio Nuño Montes (1927-1995), Claudia Batisda Cid

José Manuel Delgado Ocando (1928-), Brigitte Bernard

José Rafael Núñez Tenorio (1933-1998), René Arias

Ludovico Silva (1937-1988), Mara Lilian de Guadalupe Rodríguez Ventura

Carmen Bohórquez (1946-), Lino Morán Beltrán

Gloria Comesaña-Santalices (1946-), Antonio Boscán Leal

Ulises Moulines (1946-), Ricardo Gómez

Álvaro Márquez-Fernández (1952-), Zulay Díaz Montiel

22. Filósofos de Centroamérica

Florencio del Castillo (1778-1834), Franco Álvarez Retamar

Diego Domínguez Caballero (1915-), Miriam Nazario Cruz

Héctor-Neri Castañeda (1924-1991), Ricardo Gómez

Ignacio Ellacuría (1930-1989), Héctor Samour

Franz Hinkelammert (1931-), Juan José Bautista

Ricaurte Soler (1932-1994), Clara Alicia Jalif de Bertranou

Alejandro Serrano Caldera (1938-), Benjamín Kelvin Ortega Santillán

Urania Ungo Montenegro (1955-), Briseida Allard

23. Filósofos del Caribe

Eugenio María de Hostos (1839–1903), Adriana Arpini

Pedro Henríquez Ureña (1884-1946), Xóchitl González Juárez

Medardo Vitier (1886-1970), Esteban Govea

Juan Isidro Jiménes-Grullón (1903-1983), Carlos Rojas Osorio

Frantz Fanon (1925-1961), Nelson Maldonado-Torres

Esteban Tollinchi (1932-2005), Carlos Rojas Osorio

Raúl Fornet-Betancourt (1946-), Diana de Vallescar

Pablo Guadarrama González (1949-), Carlos Rojas Osorio

Lewis Gordon (1962-), Nelson Maldonado-Torres

24. Filósofos latinos en Estados Unidos

Ernesto Sosa (1940-), Margarita M. Valdés y Miguel Ángel Fernández

Walter Mignolo (1941-), Nelson Maldonado-Torres

Jorge J. E. Gracia (1942-), Roberto Omar Álvarez Ortiz

Ofelia Schutte (1945-), Roberto Omar Álvarez Ortiz

María Lugones (1948-), José Trinidad Mendoza

Linda Martín Alcoff (1955-), Eduardo Mendieta

Eduardo Mendieta (1963-), Enrique Dussel

Nelson Maldonado-Torres (1971-), Eduardo Mendieta

BIBLIOGRAFIA CITADA [150 págs. a dos columnas con tipo 10]

APÉNDICES [50 págs.]

1. Cronología

2. Fundación de Universidades, Colegios, Seminarios filosóficos

3. Esquemas de líneas de influencia

4. Mapas

5. Índice temático

6. Índice de personas

Usurious banks in the United States take advantage of the economic crisis by raising interest credit cards from 9% to 17%.

Usurious banks in the United States take advantage of the economic crisis by raising interest credit cards from 9% to 17%.


If you're an economist or a person related to U.S. census rates imagine what will happen in five years with those credit card holders to which the bank has raised the interest of 9% to 17% if they are working poor income class or are retirees who depend on social security and a part-time job to stay alive.

If we know the number of borrowers in excessive interest these increases, we can predict the amoung of money state spending in five years attending social cases due to bankruptcies and how these banks earn extra money without working through a system that in its final results is highly costly for the Treasury Department in the United States.
Everyone living in the United States knows that a greater than 10% interest in a credit card turns into an unpayable debt and extended over the years that can lead to bankruptcy for more than one family and make it a "social case" event paid by the state as happen, for example, with military back to home seeking a job never founded with this interest rated jumped to 17% or more in the credit card or loans fees.

Now, taking advantage of the economic crisis, one  bank report that the interest of my credit card went up "miraculously"(based on economy crisis) from 9% to 17%, wow! so that any expenses I do with that card beyond the thousand dollars would become a debt payable in fifteen years or more with much higher interest.

This is the contribution of certain banks to the recovery of the economy or is it sabotage delivered in parts from Wall Street against the social policies of President Obama? do not know, the solution is up to the American population, the taxpayer who is paying the social cases caused by these policies in the credit bank at the end.
The fact remains that when these banks look at a Hispanic surname end its greed of usurers never thinking that will be reported publicly... Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34232.
Bancos usureros en los Estados Unidos se aprovechan de la crisis economica subiendo los intereses en tarjetas de credito del 9% al 17 %.

Todo el que vive en Estados Unidos sabe que un interes mayor del 10 % en una tarjeta de credito se vuelve en una deuda impagable y extendida a traves de los anos que puede conducir a la bancarrota a mas de una familia y convertirla en un caso social pagado por el estado.
Ahora, aprovechandose la crisis economica, comunican que el interes de mi tarjeta de credito subio "milagrosamente" del 9% al 17%,wao! de manera que cualquier gasto que yo haga con esa tarjeta mas alla de los mil dolares se convertiria en una deuda pagadera en quince anos o mas con intereses mucho mas elevados.
Esta es la contribucion de ciertos bancos a la recuperacion de la economia o es un sabotaje deliverado en ciertos lugares de Wall Street en contra de las medidas sociales del Presidente Obama? no lo sabemos, la solucion se la dejamos a la poblacion norteamericana, el contribuyente, que es el que paga los casos sociales que provocan estas politicas bancarias en el credito, al final.
No es menos cierto que cuando estos bancos miran un apellido hispano extreman su voracidad de usureros pensando en que jamas seran denunciados publicamente..
Si el banco fuera honesto con sus clientes, con el dinero del contribuyente y con la economia norteamericana no emitiria ninguna tarjeta de credito mas alla del 10% si se trata de una familia trabajadora que no es ni de la clase media, ni rica, como para afrontar semejante deuda. Cargar a los grupos de trabajadores,  clientes hispanos, entre ellos los retirados que ganan poco, con el 17%!!!! atrasa aun mas a la poblacion de retirados, trabajadores de bajos ingresos, la poblacion hispana en Estados Unidos, la carga de deudas por anos y de paso impide que hijos y nietos estudien en el collegee.