Saturday, September 5, 2009

Cuba: the Caribbean country where youth do not want to be peasants.

We present here a story of "Juventud Rebelde youth newspaper in Havana, Cuba where it shows part of the psychology and behavior of a young Cuban farmer today and where it is evident that this young man is an exception because that youth in Cuba rejects entirely devoted to the work of food production as a farmer in the field even though Cuba lost billions of dollars in food imports that could easily occur.
What this report does not say, but had been cleared on prior one of the same kind to this newspaper, is the root of this mindset against the young farming in Cuba.
"I remember the early eighties, in talks with party leaders in a rural municipality in Cuba, as these were shocked because from Havana, from the national level of leadership of the country, came complaints because farmers had producing and selling nuts malanga and had half a million pesos in the National Bank of Cuba and had bought bikes for all children. Later, showered RESTRICTIONS on the sale of food to the Cuban population and began to step devaluation and the domestic economy became every day more slowly. Become a farmer because synonymous with enrichment in Cuban society and low ideological level.

Not only ideological and political factors.

If you are a doctor, musician, scientist, journalist or dancer you might have a high standard of living and travel frequently to a Foreign countries without anyone criticizing you, however, if a farmer achieves a high standard of living they look like someone who was enriched illegally and no foreign travel for Cuban farmers favored by the Cuban government, nor merit is given to a farmer from a particular farm or even in the same state as other professions.

To expose yourself if you are private farmer?

If a farmer wants to buy underwear, useful household, computers, electric bikes have to travel to Santiago de Cuba and Havana to buy in the shops in the state and / or dealing in black market. Young people prefer other professions, which are given even buying cars and the construction of homes, but are linked to these cities and business trips abroad.
The production is lost in many cases because the state is unable to collect and not allowed to freely distribute private vendors if this happens. When a farmer needs supplies, their money and credit have no access to any store in the state but highly specific sites controlled by the state bureaucracy. There are special shops- as that happens with some official bureaucracy of the government- where farmers can buy domestic equipment of any kind, nor are assigned cars and motorcycles and trips or vacations in tourist centers or tourism abroad with his family such as happens for some people in other sectors of the state. It is extremely rare for a private farmer or even state, you note for a trip or an official representation as with musicians, writers and painters or some of the Cuban government bureaucracy...

Excessive ideological approach to food production and the economy may lead to the island to a dead road end and is very risky for a small Caribbean countries amid climate change and global economic crisis.

During my recent ten days vacation in Santiago de Cuba I hear complaints from the population because the state enterprises could not collect and process or product all that was lost in fields and warehouses because they could not were sold directly to the public through the network of private service workers to the population by ideological and political motives misunderstood. Even, they make the mistake in the statewide network of services not to implement a pricing policy for products next to expire or have little demand as usual in a normal market. If, for example, there is much ice cream or fruit, not sold, they do not lower the price and then toss the product, worse happens in restaurants dedicated to tourism, where tourism is low empty because they never lower the price of food offered in order to the general population has access to them while there are not foreigners tourist, that way, thousands of tourism employees spend much of the year swatting flies or discussing the weather increasing the looses in this sector.I rememberd that chinesse restaurant supply from a privated farm in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, managed by two or more chinesse cuban families succes running bussines of different kinds, for example, the ofert where very cheaper and they non-stop during 24 hours a day in service to thousand of customer about less than fifty years ago, they never used nothing imported or sophisticated imported technologist, all were organic and traditional national products...the restaurants were close to a free food market where they run bussines too, them, they don't need any infraestructure of transportation, only animals traction at the farm and handlers tools to supply the restaurant- free market infraestructure lowering the spending of production and service.But this smart way stop for ideological reason not vinculated to a pragmatical vision of the domestic economy in a poor and little country."
Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.

The early bird from El Ingenito
A young man falls in love Granma daily over their piece of land, which has about 2 000 animals, including birds and mammals
The early bird from El Ingenito "Juventud Rebelde", Havana, Cuba
from the original in spanish:El madrugador de El Ingenito
Link: Castro Medel digital@juventudrebelde.cuSeptember 4, 2009 21:10:55 CDT
Jorge Luis has found the secret to both raise more than a thousand birds, including several rare species such as chickens cubalayas. Photo: Osviel Castro Medel
BAYAMO .- In his small farm, named El Ingenito, most astounding: from large animals to their rivers of sweat that leaves every morning in the cornfield. That's why countless people are going to see how much magic does with the land.
Jorge Luis Milan Zaldivar account in four acres, with over 1 000 birds, 200 rabbits, 25 milking cows, pigs and goats, dozens of "race" ... And growing corn, avocado, sugarcane, king grass, cassava, sweet potato , pumpkins, vegetables, fruits and other crops.
When you hear him with such admiration about anyone could imagine tanning with age, wrinkled and calluses. However, little has 35 springs, while recognizing that from the 15 farms the land.
His first thought on alert just age-related dangers. "I know very few young farmers, most are elderly, many of the children of farmers do not want to pursue as well as their parents, and that breaks and destroys the countryside traditions. We must think seriously about the future, "he says at the door of his spacious house, situated in the district of El Horno, about 10 kilometers from the city of Bayamo.
The core products are milk-daily Ingenito are reached about 120 liters, which are distributed in two wineries and eggs, they also have a social purpose: are sold at 90 cents a box or are delivered to pregnant women, elderly and others with special diets.
This is already attractive, but what is most striking about this property associated with a gene pool preserve poultry are the many "creatures with feathers. "I have peacocks, turkeys and Canadian natives, pheasants and guinea fowl, black and white, and Creole cubalayas G semirrústicas, he says.
At one time he even had about 200 quail, a species that requires care chief. "The animal is very susceptible. If you do not experience stress out properly and stop laying. We must have stability in the schedule to give them food and water, and with the keeper, because any change affects them. I raise them again.
Because many copies of their performance with both Jorge Luis has become a permanent display in several provincial and national fairs, in which not only speaks of his birds but also other experiences related to their task in the field.
Notes that few times has had to mourn the death in their farms and is an eternal favor of plant medicines. "Use a lot of the strain of banana to deworm the animals in the water and aloe. The only drug I use is the Multivita.
Madrugador constantly waking each day like clockwork at 4:00, this farmer, who holds several awards from the ANAP, exposes the secrets of their success are commitment and patience.
"A race can not accomplish things you must know that it is necessary sacrifices to reap the rewards later. It is true that often do not have resources necessary to start, but you can not wait for you all fall from heaven. "
Jorge Luis is defined as a quiet young man, with the likes of any other, but work very much in love "which is what they need hundreds of boys, because they have spoiled or because they see the easy life.
His last words in the brief dialogue with JR, Resemble other judgments of respondents, but the sighs betray him unfeigned passion: "I will leave the farm the day I die. As long as it wishes to produce, anything or anyone stop me. "

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