Monday, September 7, 2009

Africa: changes unpredictable, extreme weather condition and fuzzy rain.


Climate change not only implies a new way of thinking and living, in short, a new approach to every culture, but a reform of the system global primary and secondary education where the students will be teached about the ring energy policy- agriculture - climate change from the childhood to university, this would determine the ability of future generations to survive the impact of unpredictable phenomenon which we are exposed to all in the next future.
Chairman of the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Rajendra Pachauri addresses the high level segment of the World Climate Conference-3 (WCC-3) at the CICG in Geneva September 3, 2009.Some 1 500 policy-makers and decision-makers from more than 150 countries will interact with scientific experts to take practical steps to adapt to climate variability and change until September 4.(Xinhua/Reuters Photo)
The awareness of the urgency of taking action against climate change around the world dating back more than fifteen years as sampling this information from Colorado State University, 1997.

For Immediate Release
Wednesday, May 21, 1997Scientists, White House Officials, Industry Groups Gather for National Forum on Climate Change at Colorado State University

FORT COLLINS - Top scientists, national policy makers and environmental groups will gather at Colorado State May 27 to discuss how climate changes affect the Great Plains environment and suggest ways to deal with those changes.

The forum, hosted by Colorado State's Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory in conjunction with the University of Nebraska, is the first of seven regional conferences nationwide sponsored by the U.S. Global Change Research Program and Office of Scientific and Technology Policy. The program, under the auspices of President Clinton, aims to provide a scientific basis for national and international policies surrounding global climate change issues.

The forum will include more than 50 scientists as well as representatives from farming, ranching and conservation groups from Colorado, Montana, Nebraska and Washington, D.C.




The experts in climatic changes must support under observation urgent and concrete solutions to face what is happening in Africa as for changes in the climate, the agriculture and the social commotions provoked by the hunger..
We must considered to think about that wrong global policies about Africa from rich countries with colonial mentality instead supporting them the real needs of africans peoples are increasing the climatic change, refugee crisis and unestability in the region when we read so many information in the international media like, like this one. Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34233. Link:.http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/katineblog/2009/sep/07/livelihoods-international-aid-and-development

"Over the past thirty years, global policy decisions have neglected the role that agriculture plays in the wider development agenda. During this time, agriculture's share of foreign aid has dropped from 17% to 3% of total spend. Instead of supporting roads to bring crops to market or improving farmers' access to training, finance, and technologies, global policies have favoured shipments of food aid instead. Often, these forms of support require more expense despite having less longevity."

"Agriculture is the life-blood of the African economy. Some 75% of the continent's population are farmers, and the crops they grow provide an important means of livelihood for the most vulnerable smallholder farmers. Agriculture also gives those in the rural sector access to a potential source of additional income if they have surplus crops that can be sold at market. Agricultural commodities already represent more than one-third of total exports from Africa.
At the same time, climate change is making it more difficult for Africa's millions of farmers to sustain themselves. Ironically (or more appropriately, tragically) many of the farms and fields already being impacted by climate change are in the poorest regions of the world. In Africa, these changes take the form of less predictable and more extreme weather conditions: rain does not come at the same time during the start of the planting season or it comes in torrential downpours, or not at all."

"If African farmers are supported in introducing modern methods for growing their crops, they can reduce their emissions while growing more to feed themselves and earn extra incomes. Techniques such as conservation agriculture require less tilling of the land and thus keep more carbon trapped in the soil. Helping farmers access the most up-to-date knowledge and tools can prevent the need for further clearing of natural habitats for agriculture and keep forests and grasslands in tact as vital carbon sinks.
In fact, these AFOLU activities – Agriculture, Forestry, and Other sustainable Land Use – are some of the best ways for Africans to contribute to a global climate solution. Yet the current structure of carbon markets makes it difficult for African farmers to play their part
(."Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), also provided less industrialised countries an incentive to participate in global agreements and to access needed funds to introduce less harmful technologies into their economic development... CDM has registered more than 1,156 projects, yet only 27 of these projects are based in Africa

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