Monday, August 10, 2009

Coral nursery project in the caribbean area or how to get more food from the caribbean sea.




"Coral are barometer that signal the health of our oceans"
Mote Marine Laboratory & Aquarium is located at 1600 Ken Thompson Parkway in Sarasota on City Island between St. Armand's Circle and Longboat Key.
TROPICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY.
SUMMERLAND KEY, FLORIDA.

Caribbean nations have a rich source of food in its seabed. Currently, countries like Cuba, they spend billions of dollars in food imports increasingly costly and difficult to acquire credit for low-poor countries, this situation could be reversed if accompanied by the agricultural and livestock development in establishing their own conservation programs coral-rich areas of schooling fish. This dual strategy, with local resources and stimulating the initiative of communities, private and state fishermen, workers and farmers is critical to national security and sustainable development of small islands with populations that may fall into famine and forced migration suddenly, on the impact of climate change and an unstable economic and political situation in the global economy and the price of food, energy and metals . Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.

REEF RESTORATION PROGRAM
Manager -
David Vaughan, Ph.D.
The science and technologies of restoring reef ecosystems. This includes hard corals, soft corals, seagrass meadows, macroaglae, invertebrates, vertebrates and factors involved in the reef community. The program will coordinate with other Mote Marine Laboratory Research Centers that compliment research and work on the reef, including:
Aquaculture - including coral, conch, and Diadema (long-spine sea urchin)
Fisheries Enhancement
Benthic Ecology
Ecotoxicology

The program also has a close affiliation with the Coral Reef Restoration Initiative (CRRI) of EarthEcho International (EEI) with Philippe Cousteau. The purpose of this project is to preserve and restore precious coral reefs around the world. This will be done through the establishment of a world Coral Gene Bank and future experimental farm to produce specimens for replanting damaged reefs.
Profound ecological changes are occurring on coral reefs throughout the tropics [
1,2,3], with marked coral cover losses and concomitant algal increases, particularly in the Caribbean region [4]. Historical declines in the abundance of large Caribbean reef fishes likely reflect centuries of overexploitation [5,6,7]. However, effects of drastic recent degradation of reef habitats on reef fish assemblages have yet to be established. By using meta-analysis, we analyzed time series of reef fish density obtained from 48 studies that include 318 reefs across the Caribbean and span the time period 19552007. Our analyses show that overall reef fish density has been declining significantly for more than a decade, at rates that are consistent across all subregions of the Caribbean basin (2.7% to 6.0% loss per year) and in three of six trophic groups. Changes in fish density over the past half-century are modest relative to concurrent changes in benthic cover on Caribbean reefs. However, the recent significant decline in overall fish abundance and its consistency across several trophic groups and among both fished and nonfished species indicate that Caribbean fishes have begun to respond negatively to habitat degradation.
Recent Region-wide Declines in Caribbean Reef Fish Abundance
Michelle J. Paddack
1,2,,,John D. Reynolds1,Consuelo Aguilar3,Richard S. Appeldoorn4,Jim Beets5,Edward W. Burkett6,Paul M. Chittaro7,Kristen Clarke8,Rene Esteves4,Ana C. Fonseca9,Graham E. Forrester10,Alan M. Friedlander11,Jorge García-Sais4,Gaspar González-Sansón3,Lance K.B. Jordan12,David B. McClellan13,Margaret W. Miller13,Philip P. Molloy1,Peter J. Mumby14,Ivan Nagelkerken15,Michael Nemeth4,Raúl Navas-Camacho16,Joanna Pitt17,Nicholas V.C. Polunin18,Maria Catalina Reyes-Nivia16,19,D. Ross Robertson20,Alberto Rodríguez-Ramírez16,Eva Salas9,Struan R. Smith21,Richard E. Spieler12,Mark A. Steele22,Ivor D. Williams23,Clare L. Wormald22,Andrew R. Watkinson2andIsabelle M. Côté1
1 Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada2 School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK3 Centro de Investigaciones Marinas, Universidad de La Habana, Playa, CP11300, Ciudad Habana, Cuba4 Department of Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, PR 00681-9013, USA5 Department of Marine Science, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720, USA6 Department of Biology and Earth Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Superior, Superior, WI 54880, USA7 Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98112, USA8 Center for Marine Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica9 Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Ciudad de la Investigación, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro, PO 2060, San José, Costa Rica10 Department of Natural Resources Science, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA11 Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA12 Oceanographic Center and National Coral Reef Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Dania Beach, FL 33004, USA13 NOAA Fisheries, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Miami, FL 33149, USA14 Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of BioSciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PS, UK15 Department of Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands16 Programa Biodiversidad y Ecosistemas Marinos, Instituto de Investigaciónes Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Zona Portuaria (AA 1016), Santa Marta, Colombia17 Marine Resources Section, Department of Environmental Protection, Bermuda Government, Coney Island, Bermuda18 School of Marine Science & Technology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 7RU, UK19 Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, 1090 GT Amsterdam, The Netherlands20 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (Panamá), STRI, Unit 0948, APO, AA 34002-0948, USA21 Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, USA22 Department of Biology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330-8303, USA23 Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Unit & Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740, USACorresponding author

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