Sunday, August 9, 2009

Alicia Alonso, Ballet and Science, the unknown personality

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Another Alicia Alonso
The legendary dancer admired the Cuban government from United States of America to Egypt. But as a lover of science fiction, researcher of Cuban caves and aware of astronomical topics ... not recognize ...

Source: Original in Spanish from newspaper "Juventud Rebelde", Havana, Cuba, click here:
By: Alexis Schlachter, special PL, photos Foundation of Nature and man and Antonio Núñez Jiménez family album of Alicia Alonso
Por: Alexis Schlachter, servicio especial de PL, fotos Fundación de la Naturaleza y el hombre Antonio Núñez Jiménez y álbum familiar de Alicia Alonso
09 de agosto de 2009 00:55:23 GMT
09 August 2009 00:55:23 GMT
Alicia Alonso interviewed by the German scientist Wilhelm Lotcher about finding it, a rare fungus in the Cueva del Indio, San Vicente, Viñales Alicia Alonso speleological research notes in a cave Cuban
Alicia Alonso interviewed by the German scientist Wilhelm Lotcher about finding it, a rare fungus in the Cueva del Indio,
San Vicente, Viñales. Alicia Alonso notes research speleological
a cave in Cuba.

Legendary dancer, creates a school of ballet, choreographer of classic and modern ... is a Cuban artist who admire public from United States of America to Egypt. But a lover of science fiction, Cuban cave researcher, discoverer of a rare fungus, conscious of astronomical topics that do not recognize ... ...

-It is time for the public to rescue the Alicia Alonso interested in science ... Do not you think you need?

-It might be useful to understand why some of my creations in the ballet. For example, one of which is choreographed by me to make the music dance Verbum (or genome in music) of the Catalan Joan Guinjoan, which discusses the evolution of the human genome, its mysteries. If it had not been interested in this whole wonderful world around us, and which science research, might have overlooked the development of ballet in a very complex subject ...

Verbum, was premiered on October 29 to 19 during the 2004 International Ballet Festival of Havana ...

The Cuban ballerina Alicia Alonso alongside Fidel in the Mural of Prehistory in the province of Pinar del Rio
One of the first photos of Alicia Alonso alongside Fidel
scenario was the Mural of Prehistory, in
Viñales, Pinar del Rio province.
-You can read in the ballet program that said something then, very significant to understand my interest in a subject as seemingly distant world my art: "Science and art are among the highest manifestations of human activity. Presuppose a certain way and therefore encounter between the boldness of scientific research and adventure inexhaustible mystery of artistic creation anastomoses.

Many years before Verbum, on May 21, 1978, was premiered at the Garcia Lorca hall Genesis ballet, choreographed his own music by Luigi Nono and designs scenographic Jesus Soto. Topic: the small world in which physical life is initially ...

From a very small-I love the topics related to micro and macroworld and relations between them. That mixture is beautiful, fascinating, between art and what has been achieved unravel science. There is evidence of that reality in science fiction ...

Timing-we talk about Mission Korad, ballet premiered in 1980 and designed by you, after receiving and printing, a work of science fiction, Cuban.

The science-fiction at its best examples, is a genre that has always fascinated me. I think in some ways, is roughly equivalent in our time, of fairy tales from the past. Like them, it is a particular product of the imagination to confront the unknown, which transiently science still can not decipher. The man, using the accumulated knowledge, then casts the imagination and offers its own version of the mystery. So I was interested to hear Oscar Hurtado's book with the title The dead city of Korad first poem of science fiction in our literature. Curious detail in this book appears as a character and a hero in Cuban cosmonaut time to think about such a thing seemed delusional fantasy. Therefore, when in reality the first flight of the cosmos Cuban Arnaldo Tamayo decided to create a ballet based on this scientific fact. It was like joining a poet's dream a reality developed by the science ...

Martí-presented in writing with specific examples, a thesis on the poets as prophets of science ...

- Interesting! ... And no mistake, as evidenced by the poem that inspired me choreograph Korad Mission.

- More of his work based on science and fiction? On April 18, 2002 you set up something inspired by a fun set up in 1750 by Carlo Goldoni.

-How to ignore a trip to the moon, comedy-ballet in one act with music by Giuseppe Verdi, libretto version Cuban José Ramón Neyra, designs and choreography by Ricardo Reymena mine. The subject fascinates me, especially as astronomy, science underlying the fun created by Goldoni, renowned as the founder of modern Italian comedy. So distant in time someone predicted the flight of man to the natural satellite of the Earth ...

- What are you interested in astronomy?

-The mysteries behind. Black holes, for example, another life beyond our planet ...

In a recent trip to Greece this year, you argued with a reporter who said there is no life outside the Earth ...

Yes. Discussed because I firmly believe that in this direction, science has proven the affirmative of life. And also one day know what's on the other side of the so-called black holes or voids. If it is true or not what you say some scientists, such gaps ... Will the move to a world unknown? Exciting! Item! ... Do not you think?

-We agree. The proposal of the famous British physicist Stephen Hawking is impressive. But even the benefit of a dancer by topics related to science ... Who was the person who drove down that road so far from the fouettes and ENTRECHATS?

-Is there something you know. My way to the dance is linked to science, a scientist in particular: my father, the veterinary surgeon, Antonio Martínez Arredondo. In 1929, the army decided to improve the breeding and Spain sent one of its most prominent specialists, to select races, select copies and keep healthy during the trip back to Cuba. Thus, the whole family went there, where we stayed a year. My maternal grandfather, a Spanish Santander full of nostalgia, she said to my sister and me that White, in return, you bring a gift either learned the folk dances of their country. So both of these teachers were dancing and one day return to Cuba, dancing Malaga, Seville, jotas and playing the castanets. These were the first dance that I had. I provide valuable background for characters of a Spanish interpreter who then, as Carmen, the Molinera of the three-cornered hat and Quiteria Don Quixote, among others. Thus, confidence in scientific knowledge of my father created the basis for my first knowledge of dance. Indeed, her career as a veterinarian he called my dad and lectures is that Cuba was the first professional to apply artificial insemination. Just this year, the Scientific Veterinary Council of Pinar del Rio invited me to an activity related to my father, which I could not attend but sent this note: "I received with excitement the news that Cuban veterinarians interested in rescuing and study the personality of my father, the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Antonio Martínez Arredondo. Infinitely appreciate this gesture that he would receive with humility that characterizes it. He was an exceptional man who taught me to love nature, especially animals, but above all, to love the Motherland. "

In the middle-youth, and being known as a dancer, you are joined to groups of experienced cavers and caves in Cuba. Many photos show her in that task, even with the well-known Cuban geographer Antonio Nunez Jimenez, among other scientists. Why not be separated from science?

-Follow the footsteps of my partner at that time, Fernando Alonso, who practiced caving. I loved that world that holds many mysteries silent about the land on which we live. I am a person open to knowledge, whether scientific or artistic culture. He missed one fact: I was not the only ballet dancer interested in caving. Lupe Velis, who would later Nunez Jimenez's wife, also was among us.

I quote a text-Núñez Jiménez posed something surprising about you: "I remember hiking in the German expedition sponsored by the University Frankfurt in the Sierra of the organs, and to the astonishment of botanist Wilhelm Lotcher, Alicia found for science a new species of fungus around the mouth of Cueva del Indio, San Vicente, Viñales. Can I extend this curious note in the biography of a ballet dancer?

Alicia Alonso with the geographer Antonio Nunez Jimenez (center) and the dance master Fernando Alonso's father Cuban ballerina Alicia Alonso, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Antonio Arredondo
In 1952, close to the geographer Antonio Nunez Jimenez (center) and
dance master Fernando Alonso (right), the famous dancer performs excavation
searching for fossils on the slopes of Castillo del Príncipe, Havana. Alicia's father, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Antonio
Arredondo Martinez, whose life devoted to scientific research found the first encounter with the daughter of Spanish dances.

-"Everything happened so simply and unexpectedly. During a trip I sat on a stone to rest at the entrance of the cave and got out when I found a beautiful sight to my foot fungus. I noticed his color and what the teacher says Lotcher. So that was that ... German scientist turned mad with joy! I had found a fungus believed hitherto unknown. Núñez Jiménez was witness to this and let you record the event. One recently reported in my relations with the great geographer and friend: if I, a dancer, I participated in tours of investigation Núñez, he was for a time representative of the Ballet of Cuba in trips abroad before his departure to fight in the Sierra Maestra. Half in jest: that is striking a symbiosis between the Cuban ballet and science caving.

Still not over-the interplay between art, science and Alicia Alonso. On January 15, 1960, the Commander in Chief participated in the act by the twentieth anniversary of the Speleological Society of Cuba, Nunez Jimenez presiding, and you were one of the guests present.

Yes. I will never forget that date would be chosen after years as a day of science in our country, recalling a substantial part of Fidel's speech, delivered on that occasion, about the future of our country had to be a future of men of science.

Once again, the famous Cuban dancer was present at the scene of a science ...

If you want ... That was another Alicia Alonso ... the least known ... which respects and admires the scientific knowledge.

Deep and intimate friendship

Alicia met in our younger days, from the Federation of University Students (FEU) when cooperábamos, together with other colleagues on the Hill, to sustain its Ballet. Relationships born of a deep friendship and endearing ... In 1952, Alicia participated with us in the excavations at Loma Prince of Havana, where he had appeared a fossil bone of a bird, and later in the long paleontological excavations of the cave Paredones in the province of Havana, where they are the richest fossiliferous locality of Cuba in connection with family Megalonichidae and, among other activities speleological, explored some of the caves in the Great Cavern of Santo Tomás. As we enter the wonderful underground passages, or between crystal stalactites, or by galleries decorated with graceful helictitas, we saw a bridge collapse or forced beat cliffs, Alicia defeated amazing agility. We were surprised how they compensate their weakness with their visual skill sport ...


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