Tuesday, June 23, 2009

The first strategy to climate change in the Caribbean is to restore the biological corridor.













- Which effects of climate change are unusual here?

Excerpt from an interview in "Juventud Rebelde, Havana, on climate change in eastern Cuba. Interviewee: Engineer Rolando Baza Pacho Meteorological Center complex Maisi-Guantanamo-Baracoa, biological corridors that communicate with the Everglades. (Note Gualterio Nudnez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34233)
(Ecosystem Maisi-Baracoa-Guantanamo, western of Cuba)
Por: texto y fotos Lisván Lescaille Durand
Correo: digital@jrebelde.cip.cu
23 de junio de 2009 00:55:44 GMT




In recent years Cuba has experienced changes and weather anomalies. In Guantanamo, in particular, there are significant changes or temporary changes manifested in the increase in winter rainfall (November-April period), delayed rainy season (May-October); increase in registrations of heavy rainfall, temperature increase average and the minimum as well as increased droughts and severe storms along its destructive power. "In all these respects the most significant has been the increase of drought and heavy rainfall. Studies on the drought in Cuba during the period 1931-1990, showed that the frequency of years with moderate and severe deficit in the accumulated rainfall treintenio doubled in 1961-1990 under the treintenio 1931-1960, which reduced the return period of this of 5 to 2.5damaging phenomenon years. "Guantanamo is no exception, and in 1961-1990 remained treintenio the same situation. Until the year 1995 remained the return period of dry weather brought, but from 1996 to 2008 have been affected by drought every year, so many years with intense drought have left the state of sequelae in permanent crops and soils . Is accelerating the trend of desertification and is worrying to see how historic areas with good vegetation are becoming savannah. "There is a trend towards concentration of rains in 2 or 3 months, and within these, in only a few days (as happened in 1997 and 1998, to mention just two examples, in two months showed that over 50 per cent the accumulated annual), this destroys the soil due to erosion caused great, and emphasizes the process of agricultural drought because rainfall in these conditions is ineffective. "The rainy pattern has undergone a shift towards the dry period (November-April) and a trend to delayed and reduced rainfall period of rain, temperatures have remained high in recent years, especially 1997 and 1998 with significant increases and consequently the evaporation of itself very high on the south side, has increased and this facilitates and intensifies the hydrological and agricultural drought, drought and therefore economic or social. "The deficit of rainfall in recent years has affected even the mountains, to the point that in the years 2002 and 2003 were Baracoa and Maisi municipalities with largest deficit in our province. Generally observed since 1960 a decrease in rainfall and an upward trend of the percentage of months with drought. "









Here we show the remains of plants or seagrasses that have died and decomposed into the seabed before reaching the beach of Lido Beach, Florida, not hitherto known that we are deforested, a danger to turtles and fish.If the major areas of biological corridors are not under the monitoring of the universities on the basis of information exchange unforeseen natural phenomena will be out of control and causing millions in losses in the entire area, both for rich countries to poor.As far as Isolating us, lack of communication and out of a team work, we are more exposed to climate change because of ignorance ...
Photos:
Gualterio Nunez EstradaSarasota, Florida, 34233.

Sarasota, Florida beaches has a programa to protect and care birds, manaties and turtles but we need to macht this effort in the whole interconected caribbean area if we want to keep the biological corridors alive.(photo: Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Lido Beach, Sarasota, Florida)


When we analyze the problems of climate change on the Caribbean region as a benchmark we take two systems linked by biological corridors: The Everglades and the complex Maisi-Guantanamo-Baracoa in eastern Cuba. When we read the commentary of an engineer in the Cuban newspaper "Juventud Rebelde"(*) on climate change in eastern Cuba observed that is consistent with many points raised by journalists about climate change in the state of Florida due to the development of industry and great destruction of the Everglades system. We believe that this is a phenomenon of the area should be studied jointly by all the central universities in the context of global climate change. We must look like a single system that habitat must be preserved, restored and protected before the yearning to make money by burning the future of quality of life in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. To acidification of the Caribbean Sea, the destruction of corals, the impoverishment of flora and fauna, there is a drastic change in rainfall patterns that we see here in the city of Sarasota, Florida, not only in Baracoa, Cuba, for over twenty years. Requires an intensive exchange of scientific and technical but a political will in the Caribbean area to science think about tomorrow. Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.
Cuando analizamos los problemas del cambio climatico en la region del caribe tomamos como referencia dos grandes sistemas vinculados por corredores biologicos: Las Everglades y el complejo Baracoa-Maisi-Guantanamo en el oriente de Cuba.Cuando leemos el comentario de un ingeniero en el periodico cubano "Juventud Rebelde"(*) sobre cambio climatico en el oriente de Cuba observamos que concuerda con muchos aspectos senalados por los periodistas acerca del cambio climatico en el estado de Florida debido al desarrollo de la industria y la destruccion del gran sistema de Las Everglades.Consideramos que estamos ante un fenomeno del area que debe ser estudiado en conjunto por todas las universidades centrales en el marco del cambio climatico global.Debemos mirarnos como un solo sistema de habitat que debe ser preservado, restaurado y protegido ante las ansias de hacer dinero quemando el futuro de la calidad de vida en el mar caribe y el Golfo de Mejico.A la acidificacion del mar caribe, la destruccion de corales, el empobrecimiento de la flora y la fauna marina,se suma, un cambio drastico en el regimen de lluvias que observamos aqui, en la ciudad de Sarasota, Florida,no solamente en Baracoa, Cuba, hace mas de veinte anos.Se requiere un intenso intercambio cientifico y tecnico mas una voluntad politica en el area caribe hacia las ciencias pensando en el manana.Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida, 34233.
Quando analisamos os problemas das alterações climáticas na região do Caribe como uma referência que tomamos dois sistemas ligados por corredores biológicos: O Everglades e os complexos Maisi-Guantánamo-Baracoa na parte oriental da Cuba. Quando lemos o comentário de um engenheiro no jornal cubano "Juventud Rebelde"(*) sobre as alterações climáticas na região leste Cuba observou que é coerente com muitas questões levantadas pelos jornalistas sobre as alterações climáticas no estado da Flórida, devido ao desenvolvimento da indústria e destruição do grande sistema do Everglades. Acreditamos que este é um fenômeno da área deve ser estudada em conjunto por todas as centrais universidades no contexto da mudança climática global. Temos de olhar como um sistema único habitat que devem ser preservadas, restauradas e protegidas antes da ânsia de fazer dinheiro por queimar o futuro da qualidade de vida no mar do Caribe eo Golfo do México. A acidificação do mar do Caribe, a destruição dos corais, o empobrecimento da flora e da fauna, há uma mudança drástica nos padrões de precipitação que vemos aqui na cidade de Sarasota, Flórida, e não apenas em Baracoa, Cuba, por mais de vinte anos. Requer um intenso intercâmbio de informação científica e técnica, mas uma vontade política na área do Caribe para a ciência pensar amanhã. Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.
Lorsque nous analysons les problèmes du changement climatique sur la région des Caraïbes comme une référence que nous prenons deux systèmes reliés par des corridors biologiques: Les Everglades et le complexe Maisi-Guantanamo-Baracoa, dans l'est de Cuba. Quand on lit le commentaire d'un ingénieur dans le quotidien cubain "Juventud Rebelde" (*)sur les changements climatiques observés dans l'est de Cuba qui est compatible avec de nombreux points soulevés par les journalistes sur le changement climatique dans l'État de Floride en raison du développement de l'industrie et de grande destruction des Everglades système. Nous pensons que c'est un phénomène de la zone devrait être étudiée conjointement par toutes les centrales des universités dans le contexte du changement climatique mondial. Nous devons regarder comme un système unique de l'habitat doit être préservé, restauré et protégé avant de l'aspiration à faire de l'argent par la combustion de l'avenir de la qualité de vie dans la mer des Caraïbes et du golfe du Mexique. À l'acidification de la mer des Caraïbes, de la destruction des coraux, l'appauvrissement de la flore et la faune, il ya un changement radical dans la répartition des pluies que nous voyons ici dans la ville de Sarasota, en Floride, non seulement à Baracoa, Cuba, depuis plus de vingt ans. Nécessite un échange de personnel scientifique et technique, mais une volonté politique dans la région des Caraïbes pour la science penser à demain. Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.
Wanneer we analyseren de problemen van de klimaatverandering op de Caribische regio als ijkpunt nemen we twee systemen in verband met biologische corridors: De Everglades en de complexe Maisi-Guantanamo-Baracoa in het oosten van Cuba. Wanneer lezen we het commentaar van een ingenieur in de Cubaanse krant Juventud Rebelde "(*)over klimaatverandering in het oosten van Cuba waargenomen die in overeenstemming is met de vele opmerkingen die door journalisten over de klimaatverandering in de staat Florida te wijten aan de ontwikkeling van de industrie en grote verwoesting van de Everglades systeem. Wij geloven dat dit een fenomeen van het gebied moeten worden onderzocht gezamenlijk door alle centrale universiteiten in het kader van de wereldwijde klimaatverandering. We moeten kijken als een enkel systeem dat habitat moet worden behouden, hersteld en beschermd voor het verlangen om geld door verbranding de toekomst van de kwaliteit van het leven in de Caribische Zee en de Golf van Mexico. Tot verzuring van de Caribische Zee, de vernietiging van de koralen, de verarming van de flora en fauna, is er een drastische verandering in neerslag patronen die we hier zien in de stad Sarasota, Florida, niet alleen in Baracoa, Cuba, meer dan twintig jaar. Vereist een intensieve uitwisseling van wetenschappelijke en technische maar een politieke wil in het Caribisch gebied aan de wetenschap denken aan morgen. Gualterio Nunez Estrada, Sarasota, Florida 34233.
(*) Link:http://www.juventudrebelde.cu/cuba/2009-06-23/los-tres-climas-de-guantanamo/

No comments:

Post a Comment